Lebanon's foreign minister, Gibran Bassil, did not attend, and the Lebanese representative at the meeting expressed reservations over the final communique.
"The Lebanese Republic, in spite of our relations with it as a brotherly Arab nation, is under the total control of this terrorist party", Bahrain's Sheikh Ahmed said, referring to Hizbollah. Lebanon's Iranian-backed guerrilla group Hezbollah is a key member in Beirut's government, which makes it unlikely for the country to support an anti-Iranian resolution.
Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas rejected on Monday an Arab League resolution labelling Lebanon´s Hezbollah a terrorist organisation.
The ministers, according to the final statement, said they supported any action to be taken by Saudi Arabia to protect its national security, within the boundaries of global legitimacy.
Regional tensions have escalated in recent weeks between Riyadh and Tehran over Mr Hariri's resignation and after a ballistic missile was sacked at the kingdom by Houthi rebels in Yemen, who are also backed by Iran.
Mr Aoun said he would not accept Mr Hariri's resignation until it is delivered in person amid calls for his speedy return. Arab foreign ministers gathered at Saudi Arabia's request for an extraordinary meeting to discuss alleged "violations" committed by Iran in the region, but the foreign ministers of Lebanon, Iraq and Syria were not in attendance.
The draft appears to be in sync with Saudi Arabia's strong stance against Iran since the Houthis fired a missile on November 4. On Saturday, Mr Hariri was in Paris, where he met French president Emmanuel Macron.
Some of the threats he mentioned include the Iranian threat to Arab national security, the fight against terrorism, the Syrian crisis, Libya, yemen's stability, internal development and implementation of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman vision 2030 in Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir attends a meeting at the Arab League headquarters in the Egyptian capital Cairo on November 19, 2017. Both have denied any involvement in the incident.
Yemen's foreign minister told the Arab League in Cairo that "the Iran regime has pushed too far through its proxy, the Houthis, in annihilating Yemenis", SABA reported. It is, however, the first time the Arab League has taken such a strong public stand against Hezbollah.
According to Marwan Bishara, a senior political analyst has said that Saudi Arabia had convened the Cairo meeting in a bid to "consolidate its position in a divided Arab region".
"Stopping them requires a joint Arab policy".