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North Korea earned millions flouting sanctions


The UN has repeatedly tightened sanctions on North Korea over the past year in response to a series of ballistic missile and nuclear tests. Multiple sanctions dating back to 2006 have tried to choke off funding for the nuclear and missile programs.

"[North Korea] continued to export almost all the commodities prohibited in the resolutions, generating nearly US$200 million in revenue between January and September 2017", said the report by the experts.

The confidential report to a U.N. Security Council sanctions committee also referenced information that the reclusive country provided ballistic missile systems to Myanmar.

The report has been submitted to the UNSC sanctions committee.

The report also revealed that there was evidence of military co-operation with Syria and Myanmar.

The monitors said they had investigated ongoing ballistic missile cooperation involving Syria and Myanmar, including more than 40 previously unreported North Korean shipments between 2012 and 2017 to Syria's Scientific Studies and Research Centre, which oversees the country's chemical weapons programme.

The Syrian government allegedly used chemical weapons against civilians in 2013 and agreed to destroy its stockpile later that year. Papers showed Russian Federation and China as the origin countries, instead of North Korea. Its content is created separately from USA TODAY.


"The DPRK is already flouting the most recent resolutions by exploiting global oil supply chains, complicit foreign nationals, offshore company registries and the worldwide banking system", the United Nations monitors wrote in the 213-page report, referring to North Korea by its official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

North Korea's economy has been heavily reliant on Beijing-$2.3 million of the $2.83 billion total exports were shipped to China in 2015.

Quotas set by the United Nations allow for around 540,000 tonnes of crude oil a year to be delivered to North Korea from China, and over 60,000 tonnes of oil products from Russia, China and other countries, he was quoted as saying.

Further, the 23 coal shipments were delivered using "a combination of multiple evasion techniques, routes and deceptive tactics". The largest imports ranged from oil to high tech products such as computers and video displays, while Pyongyang's largest exports were textiles and coal.

The report said "if confirmed, it would constitute the resolution's violation".

It urges all countries involved to step up their monitoring of North Korea.

According to the report and the United Nations panel of experts, seven ships have been prevented from entering ports worldwide for violating United Nations sanctions with coal and petroleum transfers.

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